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1st Corinthians 9.

King James Reference Bible

The Book of 1st Corinthians

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Matthew Henry

Chapter 10

Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
cloud Exod 13:21

And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
sea Exod 14:22, Isa 63:11

And did all eat the same spiritual meat;
meat Exod 16:15, John 6:32

And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
drink Exod 17:6, Num 20:11, Psa 78:15, John 4:10, John 7:37, Rev 22:17

But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.

Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.

Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
Exod 32:6

Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
fornication Num 25:1

Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.
tempt Exod 17:2, Exod 17:7, Num 21:7

Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.

Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
written Romans 15:4

Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.
tempted 2nd Peter 2:9

Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.

I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.

The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
body Matt 26:26

For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
one body Romans 12:5

Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
eat Lev 7:6

What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.
Deut 32:17

Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
devils Deut 32:37

Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?

All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.
lawful 1st Cor 6:12

Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth.

Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake:

For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.
Psa 24:1

If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake.

But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:
Psa 24:1

Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience?

For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?

Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
glory John 15:8, Phil 1:11

Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:

Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.

1st Corinthians 11



Notes on Chapter 10




(a) "meats" = food, not just meat products.
Strongs #1033 "broma" - food.
See notes at Matt 14:15

Return to Verse 3


"that Rock was Christ" The word "Christ" is from the Greek word "CristoV Christos, (Strongs #5547) which means "the anointed".

The root word for Christos is criw chrio, (Strongs #5548), which means to smear or rub with oil.

The "Rock that followed them" is a "type" that represents Jesus Christ, but another meaning is that it was a rock that was carried with them for special significance and had been "anointed" with oil, which is related to how Jacob anointed the rock at Bethel with oil (Genesis 35:14).

A few verses later, in 1st Cor 10:9, Paul writes that we should not "tempt Christ". That could be understood as either testing God, Jesus, or God's anointed leader, such as Moses.

Whether our understanding is complete in this matter or not, the principle being conveyed is readily comprehended.
Return to Verse 4








(a) "end" = goal, outcome, limit (Greek "telos").
Does not mean entire completion, consumation of a dispensation, termination.
See notes at Matt 10:22

(b) "world" = "age" - Strongs #165 "aion", an age.
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